October 18, 2021

Pandora Papers, Japan’s New PM, Spicy Medicine Nobel


👋 Bom dia!*

Welcome to Monday, the place the monetary secrets and techniques of the wealthy and highly effective are uncovered in an enormous information leak, the 2 Koreas get on the telephone for the primary time in months, Japan has a brand new prime minister and there is a spicy Nobel prize winner for medication. For Paris-based every day Les Echos, now we have Anna Rousseau reporting on how fashion-famous France is lastly beginning to meet up with the plus-size market.

[*Portuguese]

💡  SPOTLIGHT

Iran-Azerbaijan tensions: How Khamenei overplayed Islamic ties

Azerbaijan’s flourishing ties with Turkey and Israel threaten Iran’s regional commerce and strategic safety after Iranian Supreme Chief Ayatollah Ali Khamenei overestimated his capability to woo Azerbaijan chief, Ilham Aliev, as a result of each nations are predominantly Shia Muslim.

Iran’s Revolutionary Guards have despatched armored and artillery models for maneuvers Friday near the Islamic Republic’s northern border with the Republic of Azerbaijan.

Azerbaijan deplored the transfer and reportedly prevented Iranian vehicles from driving on Azeri roads into Armenia. Iran says the actions have been a matter of inside safety.

The Iranian Overseas Ministry spokesman Saeed Khatibzadeh said earlier this week that Tehran wouldn’t tolerate the presence of “the Zionist regime close to its frontiers and can take any measure wanted for its nationwide safety.”

Within the northwestern Iranian metropolis of Ardabil, with a inhabitants dominated by Iranian Azeris, the congregational prayer chief (and native consultant of the Supreme Chief Ayatollah Ali Khamenei), Ayatollah Hasan Amoli, has mentioned that “Israel has come to Azerbaijan to threaten Iran, and the Sepah (Revolutionary guards) are in maneuvers… sending the message, do not overstep the mark!”

When Armenia and Azerbaijan went to war in 2020 over the Karabakh enclave, Supreme Chief Khamenei ditched all neutrality and declared that “the lands of the Republic of Azerbaijan occupied by Armenia should be freed.” Ayatollah Amoli dutifully echoed him then, saying the chief’s “fatwa to free Karabakh has been of nice assist!”

Whereas some studies advised the Revolutionary guards have been secretly sending arms to Armenia, Khamenei believed he ought to publicly defend “the Islamic geography” and again Azerbaijan, which like Iran is a majority Shia Muslim nation. Maybe Khamenei thought he might impede Azerbaijan’s blossoming ties with Israel, nemesis to Iran’s revolutionary regime.

He additionally thought he had shut ties with the Azeri leader, Ilham Aliev. He should have felt it when he bantered with him in Azeri — which Khamenei speaks, being an Iranian Azeri himself — on Aliev’s go to to Tehran in early 2014. However on this regard, Turkey’s Recep Tayyip Erdogan has had far better success.

At a gathering in February 2017, Khamenei warned Aliev that “the malicious Zionist regime is working more durable than different enemies to weaken the brotherly ties between Iran and Azerbaijan.” His recipe for Aliev was to pump the Shia ideology and journey the individuals’s non secular sentiments.

Aliev evidently wasn’t moved. If this have been a recipe for achievement and recognition, why did Iranians intermittently pour onto the streets and danger their lives to denounce the Islamic Republic?

Khamenei’s diplomacy hasn’t stopped Azerbaijan from repeatedly obstructing Iranian lorries driving towards Russia in recent times and mountain climbing customs and passage charges.

Azerbaijan has in the meantime solid heat relations with Israel, increasing business, safety and navy ties since 2011. Tehran consequently feels threatened, as Israel has put in communications and satellite tv for pc methods close to Iran’s 600-kilometer frontier with Azerbaijan, and helps develop Azerbaijan’s defensive and drone capabilities. Azerbaijan has purchased billions of {dollars} value of Israeli armaments.

Iran despatched troops to the frontier after the tripartite exercises involving Azerbaijan, Pakistan and Turkey, set to proceed to the tip of September. The three international locations say they’re strengthening the safety of routes set to be linked to China’s Belt and Road system.

Some observers in Tehran suspect that in return for backing Azerbaijan’s efforts to regain the Nagorno-Karabakh territory, Turkey and Israel, and extra discreetly, Britain and the US, have extracted commitments from Aliev, successfully to behave in opposition to Iranian pursuits in fields together with protection, the economic system and even ethnic separatism.

A member of the Iranian parliament’s Nationwide Safety Committee, Fadahussein Maleki, has deplored the tripartite maneuvers, saying Iran “anticipated extra of its Azeri neighbor.” Different legislators have warned Azerbaijan to thoughts the “infantile” positions taken by a few of its legislators or ministers, whom they accuse of feeding “discord” between neighbors.

These tensions are prone to have financial, slightly than navy penalties, and to profit Turkey, which already boasts a thriving commerce with Baku. And the principal loser is Khamenei, who thought the Azeri language and Shia Islam have been sufficient to convey the 2 states nearer. But in geopolitical and financial calculations, and within the primary operate between states, such assumptions ought to by no means be overestimated.

Kayhan-London

🌎  7 THINGS TO KNOW RIGHT NOW

Pandora Papers leak level fingers at 35 world leaders: Hundreds of thousands of paperwork leaked to the Worldwide Consortium of Investigative Journalists have revealed offshore deals and assets of billionaires, present and former world leaders, politicians and public officers, in addition to celebrities and enterprise leaders. The so-called “Pandora Papers” expose, amongst others, the offshore dealings of the King of Jordan, former UK Prime Minister Tony Blair, the present Prime Minister of the Czech Republic and the presidents of Ukraine, Kenya and Ecuador.

North Korea reopens hotline with South: North and South Korea exchanged their first phone call since August after North Korea restored communication and navy traces to assist cut back tensions on the peninsula.

Fumio Kishida takes workplace as Japan’s new prime minister: Japan’s parliament voted to approve Fumio Kishida, chief of the ruling Liberal Democratic Celebration and a former minister, as the country’s 100th Prime Minister. Former PM Yoshihide Suga submitted his resignation after only one yr in workplace.

Muhammad cartoonist dies in automobile crash: Swedish artist Lars Vilks, who was residing below police safety after he sketched the Prophet Muhammad’s head on a canine’s physique in 2007, has died in a traffic accident in southern Sweden.

China’s Evergrande suspends Hong Kong market buying and selling: Closely indebted property big Evergrande has suspended trading in its shares on the Hong Kong inventory trade because the agency faces default after lacking a second key bond curiosity fee.

Aircraft crash close to Milan kills eight: A small personal airplane crashed into an empty building outside of Italy’s Milan, killing the crew of two and 6 passengers, together with actual property tycoon Dan Petrescu, certainly one of Romania’s richest males, his spouse and their son.

Crimson Scorching Nobel Pepper: Kicking off this yr’s Nobel Prize season, U.S. scientists David Julius and Ardem Patapoutian were awarded the Nobel Prize 2021 in Medicine for his or her discoveries of receptors for temperature and contact. They used capsaicin, the energetic part in chile peppers, to establish the nerve sensors that enable the pores and skin to answer warmth.

🗞️  FRONT PAGE

Madrid-based every day El Pais is one 151 media retailers which might be a part of the large Pandora Papers probe after hundreds of thousands of confidential paperwork have been leaked about “shady dealings” of tons of of heads, politicians, enterprise leaders and celebrities. Coordinated by the Worldwide Consortium of Investigative Journalists (ICIJ), it’s thought-about to be the most important journalistic collaboration in historical past, additionally involving journalists from Le Monde, The Guardian, The Washington Put up, L’Espresso, La Nación, and many others.

📰  STORY OF THE DAY

The XXL saga of French style and inclusive sizing

Clothes corporations in France have a behavior of merely ignoring larger-sized ladies. However led by a brand new technology of designers, a few of them impressed by first-hand frustrations, the sector is lastly displaying indicators of change, studies Anna Rousseau in Paris-based every day Les Echos.

👗 In France, from dimension giant up, this can be very tough to seek out garments in shops. The demand is there, however not the provision. Certainly, roughly 1 / 4 of French ladies put on giant sizes, if we’re to consider the final nationwide measurement marketing campaign, from 2006. And but, the ultra-competitive style trade appears bent on ignoring this complete section of the market. Most shops cease at 44/46 (medium to giant). The one answer? Order on the web. “It makes me need to cry,” says DJ and feminist activist Leslie Barbara Butch. “I can not buy groceries with mates.”

🧵 Generations of designers have been educated in the concept a dimension small is the restrict. Déborah Neuberg is the founding father of De Bonne Facture, a model of males’s clothes that gives its retailers sizes starting from XXS to XXXL. “The primary time I noticed a Stockman [a dressmaker mannequin] that was ‘fats’ — that’s to say with just a little stomach and breasts — I would already been within the enterprise for 3 years,” she says. “This made me react. I noticed that I had solely been taught to decorate slim our bodies.”

✊ Now, although, this long-shamed clientele is lastly taking the style trade to activity. Girls, particularly youthful ones, are way more comfy of their pores and skin than their elders. Singers Yseult and Lizzo, whose physique positivity is central to their picture, are prime examples. A number of years earlier than them, musician Beth Ditto walked for Jean Paul Gaultier. These ladies need to really feel fantastically dressed the best way they select, whether or not in free clothes or leggings and crop tops. And they’re quite a few sufficient to make their calls for loud and clear.

➡️ Learn extra on Worldcrunch.com

📣 VERBATIM

“It’s Sara-Go.”

— Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte confirmed late Sunday that his daughter, Sara Duterte-Carpio, will run for president within the 2022 election. Duterte-Carpio, who at the moment serves as mayor of Davao, the nation’s third-largest metropolis, has nonetheless not made an official announcement. The 76-year-old father, who can’t run for reelection due to time period limits, additionally indicated that he is not going to run as his daughter’s vice-presidential operating mate, however that his long-time aide will fill that position. Legendary boxer Manny Pacquiao, who at the moment serves within the Philippines senate, has already introduced he is a candidate for president.

📸  PHOTO DU JOUR

College students in a madrasa college in Palu, Indonesia resume face-to-face learning on a restricted foundation amid the coronavirus pandemic – Adi Pranata/ZUMA

✍️ E-newsletter by Anne-Sophie Goninet, Jane Herbelin and Bertrand Hauger

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